Aug 12 16 4:16 PM

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In Europe the majority of people lost all connection with religious institutions and has said farewell to religion. The generation born between the two World Wars and just after the Second World War is diminishing and with them leaving the earth of the living the churches they belonged to diminish in numbers. None of the European churches is bringing in enough fresh blood through conversions to have their numbers growing or even to have them stay the same. The vast majority of converts they can receive, come from other Christian denominations, rather than non-Christians or people with no religion.
 “There’s a kind of denominational musical chairs,”
said Stephen Bullivant, senior lecturer in theology and ethics at St Mary’s Catholic University in Twickenham, who analysed data collected through British Social Attitudes surveys over three decades.
“No one is making serious inroads into the non-Christian population.”
In the 1940ies and 50ies Western Europe seemed such a Christian region, bordered by communist non-religious Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. After the wall came down lots of East-bloc member suddenly became very active at religion. It look like a new super seed got very fertile and the ex-Soviet states had found a new magic stick in 'their church'.

contrary in the West took place an acceleration in the numbers of people not only not practising their faith on a regular basis, but not even wanting to talk about religious beliefs. There has not only come a growing indifference to organised religion, religion has become again a 'not to talk about' subject.

Some may think

Religiosity, in its first definition is merely, “the quality of being religious; piety; devoutness”
but in it’s second definition it may define a person's Christian experience: “affected or excessive devotion to religion.”
Devotion (with devoutness), piety (pietism, piousness) may be part of a religious life, having religionism or religiousness, becoming affected by or influenced by excessive devotion to religion.

Social scientists generally view religion as a cultural system of shared beliefs and rituals that offers a sense of transcendent meaning and purpose. We may find religion often constrained within the natural and material categories. Religiosity therefore refers to the way people and communities are influenced by religious ideas and shape social reality accordingly.

For sure when we look at history of mankind we can see religions and the way how people lived through their religion, made a very great impact how everything evolved and how mankind developed as different nations in one bigger part. Some, like the German sociologist Max Weber (1864-1920) viewed religion as a meaning-making system that determined human behaviour and shaped societies. When we look around us we clearly can see that those who are religious are behaving in a similar way as their religious 'brothers'. Those who belonged to a certain church when they became in the majority in a country had the biggest influence also on political matters, driven by their religious thinking.

Weber predicted that with the increase of rationalization there would be a disenchantment of the world that would lead to the decline of religious beliefs. The French sociologist Émile Durkheim viewed religion as the very essence of society that constrained individuals from egocentric behavior while simultaneously enabling them to adjust and function in social settings.

In the 1950s and the 1960s social scholars, most notably Peter L. Berger, proposed the secularization theory. Today we can see their predictions where not such a fantasy as many then declared them fools.Their view that we would evolve to a secularization by which the technical revolution and the want for more material gadgets would bring a decline of religion.
In all those countries where modernization came in the lift we notice that more people became lured in the pocket of the businessmen. All the modern gadgetry leads them further of the spiritual and religious aspects of life.

Our contemporary world now feels the decline of religion, both in society and in the minds of individuals. This in turn has lead to the privatization of religion that marginalizes religion from the public sphere.
Therefore as modernity ushered in plurality, subjectivity, and different authorities for legitimation, religion, unable to deal with these challenges, eventually withdrew from the public realm. According to the theory, the future of religion is a private one, eventually existing mainly in the private lives of individuals.
What we can see today is that modernity not only did not secularize society but it created a counter-secularization movement that resulted in the increasing influence of religiosity in the modern world. In Public Religions in the Modern World (1994) Jose Casanova argued against the assumption that the increasing differentiation between religious and public institutions automatically leads to the decline of religion. Casanova claimed that public religions do not necessarily challenge the foundation of modern liberal society. In fact Casanova suggested that public religions can help advance modern agendas such as those of human rights and democracy.

Therefore we dare to question you today, what is your opinion on the position of the present citizen and the influences of the material world and his attitude against those who search for a different meaning in life and for what is behind all this, gods or supernatural elements or just One Great Supreme Being.


Find also to read:

People of no religion outnumber Christians in England and Wales – study